Depression Facts - Some things you should know
Depression is one of the predicaments that bring a setback to society. It emanates despair, emptiness, sadness, helplessness and lifelessness in individuals thus affecting their capability to engage in normal tasks, hobbies and social events. In fact, it is among the most common causes of mental illness. In the U.S., about 17 million individuals suffer from depression every year where one in every eight teenagers succumbs to its wrath. Also, one in every four women and one in every 10 men require immediate depression treatment. Moreover, depression facts reveal that 4% of children aged between 5 and 16 years are at a risk of developing the depression syndrome.
The adverse effects of depression have led to a plethora of research, survey and studies to come up with more depression facts that will aid in its treatment. For instance, it has been revealed that there are various types of depression that emanate unique signs, symptoms and have specific causes. This has greatly helped the medical field to curb and cure depression because knowing the type of depression helps medical professionals to effectively manage and treat it. For example, there is major depression which is characterized by lack of enthusiasm to enjoy and have pleasure in life. This feeling is constant and it lasts for approximately six months. Therefore, to treat major depression the focus is to uplift the moods of an individual to prevent the reoccurrence of the depressive episode.
The other type of depression is referred to as atypical depression which emanates almost similar symptoms and signs as major depression. The only difference is that it concentrates on a specific symptom making the mood of an individual to continually fleet at times individuals are happy the other time they are sad. This is accompanied by increase in appetite, weight gain, oversleeping and increased sensitivity especially to rejection. Mild depression also known as dysthymia is chronic but has mild symptoms. Researched depression facts show that an individual can suffer from this type of depression for a very long time the least being two years. In addition, one can develop major depression on top of it a condition referred to as double depression. Fortunately, dysthymia is curable even if individuals have had it for many years.
A more common type of depression especially in the Polar Regions is (SAD) seasonal affective disorder which affects individuals during winter and fall. It is developed when individuals lack sunlight exposure for a long period of time. The gloomy, dark and stormy weather results to the onset of this disorder. However, it is simply treated by exposing SAD victims to a light therapy which brightens up their moods. Bipolar depression is considered to be the worst type of depression to suffer from. It gradually changes the mood of an individual from being depressed to manic behaviors such as hyperactivity, little or no sleep, impulsive behavior and rapid speech. Each mood change lasts for several weeks before alternating with the other. The good news is that it is curable. However it requires a more compelling treatment method.
An added note is that a number of depression facts show that the use of antidepressants may make the situation worse leading to adverse results if used over a long period of time. However, they should never be discontinued without full knowledge and advice of the medical care giver.