Forms of Depression


The Forms of Depression

Depression is a serious cause for worry especially in today’s stressful society as untreated depression can easily lead into something more serious if not permanent. In the same way, early detection of depression patients can easily lead to a cure or therapy that will help to pull them out of their spiral and bring them back into living normal, healthy lives. The first step to combating depression is to know the forms of depression commonly seen in patients and knowing the symptoms that come with each of the forms of depression so potential cases can be reported early for treatment.

There are two common forms of depression seen today; these are major depressive disorders and dysthymic disorder.

Major depression is characterized by a deep feeling of sadness, pessimism, lack of enthusiasm about anything and everything and normally occurs within a period of 2 to 4 weeks. Major depression has a deep connection with major events in a person’s lifetime, although this isn’t necessarily true in all cases. Typical triggers include bereavement, a traumatic accident or even uprooting oneself from one location and transferring to another, less familiar locale.

For major depression cases triggered by unpleasant experiences, doctors can focus on therapy sessions to help the patient overcome the triggers as well as give medication to help calm and relax the patient.

The second common form of depression is dysthymic depression is a “shallower” episode of depression but generally lasts longer, oftentimes years if left untreated. Of the many forms of depression, dysthymic cases are harder to detect because they do not seem to have obvious triggers; instead patients can easily fall into a “sad” mood without knowing why. Dysthymic forms of depression do not cause severe breakdowns from suffering patients but they have the same effect of lowering productivity and mood over an extended period of time.

Some other forms of depression which are harder to categorize because they have a mixture of symptoms that can be related to other illnesses include Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), Postpartum Depression, and Psychotic Depression. Psychotic depression refers to major depression with related incidences of psychosis such as hallucinations and nervous breakdowns. Postpartum depression, on the other hand, happens to mothers shortly after giving birth and is still a serious and heavily studied case in psychology. SAD is correlated to the reduced incidence of sunlight as in winter months and resembles dysthymic depression except that the reason can be associated with the “gloomy” nature of the everyday environment.

There are other minor cases of depression that are less common but just as worrisome, severe, and alarming. Be on the look-out for various depression symptoms such as general unhappiness, lack of energy disinterest in sex, loss of appetite and other sudden changes in personality so you can report these symptoms immediately for a timely intervention.