Types of Depression


Types of Depression

Depression is a mental disorder characterized by long episodes of low moods or feeling blue. It is quite a common depression and when it is severe it interferes with a person’s normal daily routine. Depression is a general matter but most people do not know is that there are several types of depression. While the different types of depression have similarities, their major difference is in their severity.

Major depression – This is one of the most common types of depression. It is also the most serious one. It is also referred to as clinical depression. It is considered to be the most serious type of depression because of the severity of the symptoms. Symptoms will vary from person to person but for anyone to be diagnosed with major depression, they need to have been experiencing the symptoms continuously for about two weeks. The symptoms should also be severe enough to interfere with normal functions. A person suffering from major depression will typically lose interest in activities that they once found pleasurable, will lose concentration, symptoms will generally interfere with work, sleep patterns and eating habits. Other symptoms include fatigue, restlessness, anxiety, feelings of guilt or worthlessness and entertaining thoughts of death and suicide.

Chronic depression – This is also one of the more common types of depression. It is not as severe as major depression because it does not necessarily interfere with how a person functions day to day. It is also referred to as dysthymia. A person with chronic depression will normally suffer long term periods, of even more than a year, of low or depressed moods. The symptoms are similar to those of major depression the difference being that they are less severe.

Bipolar depression – This is the type of depression found in people who suffer from bipolar disorder. This disorder is characterized by episodes of mania and depression. Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic depression.

Seasonal Affective Disorder – This is perhaps one of the least known types of depression. This type of depression affects individuals during specific times of the year such as during winter and is sometimes referred to as winter blues. Even though this type of depression is season, it can be quite severe.

Post partum depression - This is one of the types of depression that affects women only. It is not very common but is said to affect women within a few weeks of giving birth to several months after.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder – This type of depression also only affects women. It is not one of the more common types of depression but it is said to affect some women a few weeks before their menstrual period.

Psychotic depression – This is a type of depression that includes hallucinations alongside the depressed mood.